Red Fort in Delhi is an iconic symbol of Mughal history and architectural splendour. Built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in 1639, this colossal fortress served as the palace for the capital of Shahjahanabad.
Visit Red Fort, and experience the nation's heritage and immerse in a journey through time to explore the grandeur of India’s past and vibrant culture. Its stunning architecture and the sight of our flag unfurling at the Lahori gate will etch an experience you will cherish forever.
The Red Fort, also known as ‘Lal Qilla’ is a splendid representation of innovative Mughal architecture exhibiting a lot about the history of Red Fort. It was designed by Ustad Ahmad Lahori over 2.55 acres of land. This design was inspired by the fusion of Islamic Hindu, Persian, and Timurid architectural styles.
Key features of the architecture of Red Fort are as follows:
The Fort is primarily constructed from red sandstone. This material was chosen for its aesthetic appeal and durability.
It opens to two magnificent gateways, the Lahore Gate and the Delhi Gate, adorned with intricate carvings, towering arches, and imposing facades. These gates served as defensive structures and grand entrances.
This fort's design follows a symmetrical pattern, with a central axis running through its major structures. This arrangement emphasises balance and harmony in Mughal architecture.
It is the hall of public audiences, designed with a beautiful throne, where the emperor addresses the public. This hall’s design includes acoustical features that allow a speaker's voice to carry large audiences without any amplification needs. People still admire this remarkable architectural innovation.
This is the hall of a private audience and is a more intimate space adorned with intricate floral designs meant for private meetings.
It is also known as the Pearl Mosque. It is a stunning white marble mosque within the fort complex. Its pristine architecture contrasts with the red sandstone of the fort and adds to its allure.
This central water channel, known as the Stream of Paradise, runs through the fort's gardens and palace buildings, providing a cooling effect during hot summers.
Also known as the Palace of Mirrors, is a chamber entirely covered in tiny mirrors, reflecting light in a dazzling display.
Lush gardens in this fort, including Hayat Baksh Bagh, provide a picturesque backdrop to its grand architecture. It reflects the love for nature in the Mughal era.
Light and sound show
The Light and Sound Show in the Red Fort is one of the finest in India. This show delves into the history of the palace through an engaging visual and auditory experience. The show concludes with a speech by Jawaharlal Nehru.
People can purchase tickets online or at the fort's booth. It lasts for 60 minutes, with varying timings based on the season:
Ticket prices are as follows
Weekdays: ₹60 for adults and ₹20 for kids
Weekends and public holidays: ₹80 for adults and ₹30 for kids
Hindi: 7:30 pm to 8:30 pm
English: 9:00 pm to 10:00 pm
Things to explore
This intricately designed towering structure is the main entrance to Red Fort, where the Prime Minister hoists the Indian flag on Independence Day.
It is another gate that opens at the southern end of its complex to the bustling streets of old Delhi, reflecting Delhi’s vibrant culture.
It is a bazaar within the fort, that once sold exquisite handicrafts and jewellery. It offers a glimpse into the vibrant marketplace of Mughal times, showcasing its fusion of artistry and commerce during that era.
This stunning white marble palace was dedicated to Emperor Shah Jahan's beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal.
It is a private area for the emperor, adorned with graceful arches and floral designs.
This a hall of Private Audiences, adorned with a majestic marble throne, where the emperor held important meetings and discussions.
Hayat Baksh Bagh
A stunning garden with fountains and lush greenery that offers a peaceful retreat to Red Fort.
Some interesting facts
- Jawaharlal Nehru, India's first Prime Minister, hoisted the Indian flag on August 15, 1947, marking India's Independence from British colonial rule.
- The "Tryst with Destiny" speech by Jawaharlal Nehru was given from the Red Fort's ramparts. This speech is considered one of the most iconic moments in Indian history.
- The Red Fort was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2007, recognising its cultural and historical significance on a global scale.
- The colour red and white was Shah Jahan’s favourite which is why the Fort was painted in red and white hue.
Must know things about Red Fort
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