If Indian history has to be described in a short and precise manner, then in the most conventional narrative form, the history of India began with the two most famous civilizations in the country. First phase of civilization is known as the Pre-Vedic which comprises Mohenjo-Doro, Harrappa and Lothal while the second phase of civilization is referred as Vedic period comprising the coming of Aryans to the country.
The origin of Hinduism first took place in Vedic period, though there are certain elements that took place in the Indus Valley civilization. During the fourth century BC, the emperor Ashoka ruled over most of the parts of India who later converted to Buddhism and he did a lot to spread the religion to not only in India but all over in Asia.
Hinduism took its form what it is today during the period of Mauryas where the changes began to take place in the religion and set the foundation of today’s Hinduism. Hinduism was at the peak of popularity prior to the origin of Christian era. At that time, there was too much fragmentation among the successors.
Islam reached to India in eighteenth century and by the eleventh century, it has its rooted deep settled in India and it became an actual powerful political force. Dynasties that ruled North India include Lodhis, Tughlaqs and several others. Delhi (Capital of India) and areas around it still possess a huge range of remains of this era in the form of forts museums and monuments etc. It was the Mughal Empire which proved as a huge political unity in the country. Most of these facts are generally accepted facts about the history of India before the emergence of colonialism.
European stepped into India in the sixteenth century and the disintegration of Mughal Empire began to disintegrate in the beginning of eighteenth century and the emergence of regional states began to appear thereafter. The English began the battle to gain supremacy in the country and got victory in the wars of Plassey & Buxar. The Rebellion of 1857 was powerful but it was crushed by the British Empire and soon after the crowing of Queen Victoria as Empress of the country, the goal of establishing empire was complete.
But in the twentieth century, but the series of revolt again the Empire continue to increase in different parts of country and the parts of the country which were divided came under the one roof on the issue of getting independence. It resulted into rigorous activities on the part of moderates and extremists ultimately resulted forced the British Empire to leave Indian in 1947. But the country also got divided into India and Pakistan and later the division of Pakistan carved out Bangladesh.
Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru was the first prime minister of India. At present India has been able to make its place in the top economically strong countries. India of today is moving at great pace towards brining all round development of the nation and its residents.